Research Fellow, Verschuren Centre for Sustainability in Energy and Environment, Cape Breton, NS, Canada. Began his career in Portsmouth UK, graduated and moved into studies on the invasive seaweed Sargassum muticum. After a post-doc in the Netherlands he made his way to an academic post at Univ. KwaZulu Natal, Pietermaritzburg studying sub-tropical seaweeds off the east coast. Another move was made to the Univ Witwatersrand where his first interests in commercial seaweeds were ignited with Taurus Chemicals. After some time he moved to Namibia and the Univ. Windhoek to work in an academic and consultancy roles at the Multidisciplinary Research and Consultancy Centre. This then lead to a giant leap into the commercial world of (tropical) carrageenophytes and (temperate) alginophytes at Degussa Texturant Systems, Normandie, France. More recently he found his way to the Verschuren Centre via a small medium enterprise in Nova Scotia where he led the research group for onland cultivation of seaweed for food and wild exploitation of an intertidal fucoid for animal feed and plant products. His current passion is phyconomy and particularly tropical seaweed phyconomy.